Computer Awareness Questions for NIACL Assistant

1.

The primary purpose of a computer is to process _____________ and convert it into information.

   A.) electricity
   B.) data
   C.) raw material
   D.) a bit

Answer: Option 'B'

Before data is processed by a computer, it has to be fed into the computer using a keyboard, mouse or another input device. The central processing unit (CPU) analyses the raw data and processes it into sensible information. 

2.

Which among the following term is used for: Unauthorized copying of software to be used for personal gain instead of personal backups? 

   A.) Program thievery
   B.) Data snatching
   C.) Software piracy
   D.) Program looting

Answer: Option 'C'

Software piracy is the illegal copying, distribution, or use of software.

3.

The default and maximum size of text filed in Access is ______.

   A.) 266 characters & 6400 characters 
   B.) 288 characters & 6880 characters 
   C.) 299 characters & 6499 characters 
   D.) 50 and 255 characters 

Answer: Option 'D'

The default and maximum size of text filed in Access is 50 and 255 characters.

4.

What acts as master software that works as a mediator between a computer user and the hardware of a computer?

   A.) Application Program
   B.) Motherboard
   C.) Antivirus
   D.) Operating System

Answer: Option 'D'

Operating system provided an interface between a user and computer hardware. It enables a user to utilize hardware resources efficiently.

5.

What is ‘Trend Micro’?

   A.) virus program
   B.) anti-virus software
   C.) just a program
   D.) All of these

Answer: Option 'B'

Trend Micro is an antivirus.

6.

What should be used if a company wants to include its company name and logo at the bottom of every page of a brochure?

   A.) Header
   B.) Macro
   C.) Footer
   D.) Footnote

Answer: Option 'C'

Headers and footers are pieces of text, or graphics, that appear at the top and bottom of a page. If a company wants to include its company name and logo at the bottom of every page of a brochure then it will use the Footer.

7.

Linux is an OS based on_____.

   A.) UNIX
   B.) Network node
   C.) J2EEE
   D.) Python

Answer: Option 'B'

The Linux open source operating system, or Linux OS, is a freely distributable, cross-platform operating system based on Unix.

8.

What does the computer Motherboard contains that houses setting configurations and is powered by the onboard battery?

   A.) CMOS
   B.) RAM
   C.) DRAM
   D.) CPU

Answer: Option 'A'

The CMOS is a physical part of the motherboard: it is a memory chip that houses setting configurations and is powered by the onboard battery. The CMOS is reset and loses all custom settings in case the battery runs out of energy, additionally, the system clock resets when the CMOS loses power.

9.

Which among the following is the most suitable type of network that phone lines would use?

   A.) WAN
   B.) LAN
   C.) WWAN
   D.) CAN

Answer: Option 'A'

Wide Area Network (WAN) usually uses telephone lines for connectivity, as WAN is spread over a large area and offers Internet-related services such as browsing, email, chatting, etc.

10.

FORTRAN is a programming language. It is more suitable for _______.

   A.) business applications
   B.) marketing applications
   C.) scientific applications
   D.) statically calculative applications

Answer: Option 'C'

FORTRAN is the best and only major programming language for scientific applications. It is designed for performing large and complex scientific numerical computing.

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