Computer Fundamentals Section | Basic Computer Knowledge


A group of magnetic tapes, videos or terminals usually under the control of one master is

   A.) Track
   B.) Surface
   C.) Cluster
   D.) Cylinder

Answer: Option 'C'



The radian of a number system

   A.) Is variable
   B.) Has nothing to do with digit position value
   C.) Equals the number of its distinct counting digits
   D.) Is always an even number

Answer: Option 'C'

​Equals the number of its distinct counting digits


Which of the following are used to quickly accept, store, and transfer data and instructions that are being used immediately by the CPU?

   A.) microprocessors
   B.) registers
   C.) ROM chips
   D.) data buses

Answer: Option 'B'



A computer system consisting of its processor, memory and I/O devices accepts data, processes it and produces the output results. Can you tell in which component is the raw data fed?

   A.) Mass Memory
   B.) Main memory
   C.) Logic unit
   D.) Arithmetic unit

Answer: Option 'B'

Main memory


Symbolic languages were developed in

   A.) 1962
   B.) 1950
   C.) 1974
   D.) 1980

Answer: Option 'B'



A path by which communication is achieved between a central processor and other devices is called

   A.) Audit trail
   B.) Network
   C.) Bus
   D.) Channel

Answer: Option 'C'



One byte can be used to encode any integer between 'O' and -inclusive

   A.) 16
   B.) 256
   C.) 128
   D.) 255

Answer: Option 'D'



A computer has a 1024K memory. What does the letter K stand for

   A.) Kilometre
   B.) Thousand
   C.) 1024
   D.) MB

Answer: Option 'C'



A part located in the central processing unit that stores data & information is known as

   A.) Core memory
   B.) PROM
   C.) EPROM
   D.) ROM

Answer: Option 'A'

Core memory


For a memory system, the cycle time is

   A.) same as the access time
   B.) longer than the access time
   C.) shorter than the access time
   D.) submultiple of the access time

Answer: Option 'B'

longer than the access time


Which type of system puts the user into direct conversation with the computer through a keyboard?

   A.) Real time processing
   B.) Interactive computer
   C.) Batch processing
   D.) Time sharing

Answer: Option 'B'

Interactive computer


Microcomputer hardware consists of three basic categories of physical equipment.

   A.) keyboard, monitor, hard drive
   B.) system unit, input/output, secondary storage
   C.) system unit, primary storage, secondary storage
   D.) system unit, primary storage, secondary storage

Answer: Option 'B'

system unit, input/output, secondary storage


A compiler means

   A.) A person who compiles source programs
   B.) The same thing as a programmer
   C.) Keypunch operator
   D.) A program which translates source program into object program

Answer: Option 'D'

​A program which translates source program into object program


What does that acronym VGA stand for?

   A.) Extended Graphics Adapter
   B.) Enhanced Graphics Array
   C.) Video Graphics Array
   D.) Color Graphics Array

Answer: Option 'C'

Video Graphics Array


A storage system for small amounts of data is

   A.) Magnetic card
   B.) Magnetic tape
   C.) Punched card
   D.) Optical mark reader

Answer: Option 'A'

​Magnetic card


The following is true about 2-out of-5 code:

   A.) it is weighted code
   B.) it is unweighted code
   C.) it has odd parity
   D.) All of the above

Answer: Option 'B'

​it is unweighted code


An operating system intended for use on microprocessor based systems that support a single user is

   A.) PC-DOS
   B.) MS-DOS
   C.) UNIX
   D.) CP/M

Answer: Option 'D'



A directly accessible appointment calendar is a feature of a _____ resident package.

   A.) CPU
   B.) Memory
   C.) Buffer
   D.) ALU

Answer: Option 'B'



A memory space used for the temporary storage of data is

   A.) PROM
   B.) SAM
   C.) Scratchpad storage
   D.) Buffer

Answer: Option 'C'

Scratchpad storage


When did arch rivals IBM and Apple Computers Inc. decide to join hands?

   A.) 1991
   B.) 1990
   C.) 1984
   D.) 1978

Answer: Option 'A'


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