Computer Fundamentals Section | Basic Computer Knowledge

1.

Which of the following options correctly expresses the meaning of the term 'PCs'?

   A.) Independent computers for all working staff
   B.) Computer manufactured by the Pentium Company
   C.) Packed computers system formed by joining together of various computer terminals
   D.) Personal computers widely available to individual workers with which they can access information from layer systems and increase their personal productivity

Answer: Option 'D'

Personal computers widely available to individual workers with which they can access information from layer systems and increase their personal productivity

2.

A high speed device used in CPU for temporary storage during processing is called

   A.) A register
   B.) A bus
   C.) A databus
   D.) All of the above

Answer: Option 'A'

A register

3.

Speed of first generation computer was in

   A.) nono-seconds
   B.) milliseconds
   C.) nano-milli seconds
   D.) micro seconds

Answer: Option 'D'

micro seconds

4.

A collection of eight bits is called

   A.) File
   B.) Record
   C.) Word
   D.) Byte

Answer: Option 'D'

Byte

5.

Data division is the third division of a _____ program.

   A.) COBOL
   B.) BASIC
   C.) PASCAL
   D.) FORTH

Answer: Option 'A'

COBOL
 

6.

What was the total number of UNIVAC-I sold eventually and by which company?

   A.) 30, British Tabulating Machine Co. (BTM)
   B.) 40, International Business Machines (IBM)
   C.) 48, Remington Rand
   D.) 40, International Computer Ltd. (ICL)

Answer: Option 'C'

48, Remington Rand

7.

The access method used for cassette tape is

   A.) Direct
   B.) Random
   C.) Sequential
   D.) All of the above

Answer: Option 'C'

Sequential

8.

UNIVAC is

   A.) Universal Automatic Computer
   B.) Unique Automatic Computer
   C.) Universal Array Computer
   D.) Unvalued Automatic Computer

Answer: Option 'A'

There are no computers with the name as in other options. UNIVAC was the first general purpose electronic digital computer designed for commercial use, produced by Universal Company Accounting John Mauchly and J.P.Eckert in 1951.

9.

First supercomputer developed in India is

   A.) PARAM
   B.) Aryabhatt
   C.) Buddha
   D.) Ram

Answer: Option 'A'

PARAM

10.

In comparison to the internal (main) memory, tape or disk memory is

   A.) slower and more expensive
   B.) slower and less expensive
   C.) faster and more expensive
   D.) faster and less expensive

Answer: Option 'B'

​slower and less expensive

11.

A storage system for small amounts of data is

   A.) Magnetic card
   B.) Magnetic tape
   C.) Punched card
   D.) Optical mark reader

Answer: Option 'A'

​Magnetic card

12.

The complete picture of data stored in database is known as

   A.) Record
   B.) Schema
   C.) System flowchart
   D.) DBMS

Answer: Option 'B'

Schema

13.

The ALU and control unit of most of the microcomputers are combined and manufactured on a single silicon chip. What is it called?

   A.) Monochip
   B.) Microprocessor
   C.) ALU
   D.) Control Unit

Answer: Option 'B'

​Microprocessor

14.

Laptops are

   A.) computers used in clinical laboratories
   B.) hearing voice recognition system
   C.) desktop
   D.) portable, light weight and fit into briefcases

Answer: Option 'D'

portable, light weight and fit into briefcases

15.

Which of the following devices can be used to directly image the printed text?

   A.) MICR
   B.) OCR
   C.) OMR
   D.) All of above

Answer: Option 'B'

OCR

Basic Computer Knowledge Quiz

16.

Which is a secondary memory device?

   A.) CPU
   B.) ALU
   C.) Floppy disk
   D.) Mouse

Answer: Option 'C'

​Floppy disk

17.

Microprocessors as switching devices are for which generation computers

   A.) First Generation
   B.) Second Generation
   C.) Third Generation
   D.) Fourth Generation

Answer: Option 'D'

Microprocessors more revolutionized the development of computers. micro PCs have been possible thanks to microprocessors. The first Intel 4004 microprocessor called was developed by American Intel Corporation 1971. Microprocessors are used in the fourth generation of computers of computers.

18.

Which access method is used for obtaining a record from a cassette tape?

   A.) Direct
   B.) Sequential
   C.) Random
   D.) All of the above

Answer: Option 'B'

Sequential

19.

Which of the following terminals' output most closely resembles the output produced by a plotter?

   A.) graphics terminal
   B.) POS terminal
   C.) hardcopy terminal
   D.) all the above

Answer: Option 'A'

​graphics terminal

20.

A storage device which is used to store data & information external to the main storage is known as

   A.) Buffer
   B.) Backing storage
   C.) PROM
   D.) Accumulator

Answer: Option 'B'

​Backing storage


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