Computer Fundamentals Section : Questions With Answers

  • ASCII stands for

    A.) American Standard Code for Information Interchange

    B.) American Stable Code for International Interchange

    C.) American Standard Case for Institutional Interchange

    D.) American Standard Code for Interchange Information
    Answer: Option 'A'

    ASCII is a code that converts the characters - letters, numbers, punctuation and control characters such

    as Alt, Tab etc - digitally from the ASCII code is used to represent data internally in the microcomputer

    ASCII codes 7 bits and can represent 0 to 127 and are 8-bit ASCII, which represents 0 to 255.



  • EBCDIC stands for

    A.) Extended Binary Case Decimal Interchange Code

    B.) Extended Bit Case Decimal Interchange Code

    C.) Extended Bit Cod Decimal Interchange Code

    D.) Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
    Answer: Option 'D'

    EBCDIC is an 8-bit binary code for large IBM mainframes primarily wherein each byte represent an

    alphanumeric character or two decimal digits. 256 characters can be encoded using EBCDIC ..



  • BCD is
    A.) Binary Coded Digit B.) Binary Coded Decimal
    C.) Bit Coded Decimal D.) Bit Coded Digit
    Answer: Option 'B'

    Explanation: BCD is encoded in binary notation wherein each of the decimal digits is expressed in 8 - bit

    binary number. For example, binary coded decimal notation 12 is 0001 0010 compared to 1100 in

    pure binary.



  • Which of the following is first generation of computer
    A.) ICL-2900 B.) CDC-1604
    C.) IBM-1401 D.) EDSAC
    Answer: Option 'D'

    IBM-1401, CDC-1604 is the second generation computer. ICL-2900 is a fourth-generation computer.

    EDSAC is important in the development of the computer because it was the first computer to use

    John von. Concept Neumann recorded program. It used 3,000 vacuum tubes and computers with

    vacuum tubes are the first generation computers.



  • FORTRAN is
    A.) File Translation B.) Floppy Translation
    C.) Format Translation D.) Formula Translation
    Answer: Option 'C'

    FORTRAN (Formula Translation) is one of the earlier High Level programming languages used

    to write scientific applications. It was developed by IBM in 1956.



  • Chief component of first generation computer was
    A.) Vacuum Tubes and Valves B.) Transistors
    C.) Integrated Circuits D.) All of above
    Answer: Option 'A'

    Transistors were used for second-generation computers and integrated circuits to the third generation.

    First generation computers used vacuum tubes and valves as a main electronic component.

    Vacuum tubes were invented by Lee DeForest in 1908.



  • EEPROM stand for

    A.) Easily Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

    B.) Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

    C.) Electronic Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

    D.) None of the above
    Answer: Option 'C'

    FORTRAN (Formula Translation) is one of the earlier High Level programming languages used to

    write scientific applications. It was developed by IBM in 1956.




Basic Computer Knowledge Topics



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Students can learn and improve on their skillset for using computers effectively and can also prepare for competitive examinations like...


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