Computer Abbreviations

                            


  • 1.
      ACE Access Control Entry
      ACL Access Control List
      ADO Active Data Objects
      ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
      AGP Accelerated Graphics Port
      AI Artificial Intelligence
      ALGOL Algorithmic Language
      ALU Arithmetic Logic Unit
      ANSI American National Standards Institute
      AOL America Online
      API Application Program Interface
      APIPA Automatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing
      APT Automatically Programmed Tooling
      ARD Address Resolution Protocol
      ARP Address Resolution Protocol
      ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency
      ARPANET Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
      ASCII American Standard Code For Information Interchange
      ASF Advanced Streaming Format
      ASM Association For Systems Management
      ASP Active Server Pages
      ATAPI Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface
      ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
      AUI Attachment Unit Interface
      AVI Audio Video Interleave
      B2B Business To Business
      B2C Business To Commerce
      BASIC Beginner`s All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
      BCD Binary Coded Decimal
      BDPS Business Data Processing Systems
      BHTML Broadcast Hyper Text Markup Language
      BIOS Basic Input Output System
      BIU Bus Interface Unit
      BLOG Binary Logic Object
      BMP Bitmap
      BPS Bytes Per Seconds
      BS Bulletin Board Service
      C DAC Centre For Development Of Advanced Computing
      CAD Computer Aided Design
      CADD Computer Added Drafting And Design
      CAI Computer Aided Instructuion
      CAM Computer Aided Manufacturing
      CAR Control Address Register
      CASE Computer Aided Software Engineering
      CCIS Common Channel Interoffice Signaling
      CCNA  Cisco Certified Network Associate
      CD Compact Disc
      CD RW Compact Disc Re-Writable
      CD WORM Compact Disc- Write Once Read Many
      CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
      CDONTS Collabaration On Data Objects For Windows Nt Server
      CDROM Compact Disc- Read Only Memory
      CFG Control Flow Graph
      CGI Common Gateway Interface
      CGM Computer Graphics Metafile
      CIDR Classless Inter-Domain Routing 
      CIM Computer Integrated Manufacture
      CISC Complex Instruction Set Computers
      CIX Commercial Internet Exchange
      CLR Common Language Runtime
      CMOS Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
      CMS Content Management System
      CMYK Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Key (Black)
      COBOL Common Business Oriented Language
      COM Component Object Model
      CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture
      CPI Clock Cycle Per Instruction
      CPU Central Processing Unit
      CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check
      CRM Customer Relationship Management
      CROM Control Read Only Memory
      CRT Cathode Ray Tube
      CUI Character User Interface
      DAC Digital To Analog Converter
      DAO Data Access Objects
      DARPANET Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
      DAT Digital Audio Tape
      DBA Data Base Administrator
      DBMS Data Base Management System
      DCA Defence Communication Agency
      DCL Data Control Language
      DCOM Distributed Component Object Model
      DCP Data Communication Processor
      DDL Data Definition Language
      DDOS Distributed Denial Of Service
      DDP Distributed Data Processing
      DFD Data Flow Diagram
      DFS Distributed File System
      DHCP Dynamic Host Control Protocol
      DHTML Dynamics Hyper Text Markup Language
      DLC Data Link Control
      DLL Dynamic Link Library
      DMA Direct Memory Access
      DML Data Manipulation Language
      DMTF Distributed Management Test Force
      DNA Distributed Internet Architecture
      DNS Domain Name System (Server)
      DOD Department Of Defense
      DOM Document Object Model
      DOS Disk Operating System, Denial Of Service
      DPI Dots Per Inch
      DRAM Dynamic Random Access Memory
      DSL Digital Subscriber Line
      DSN Digital Subscriber Network
      DTD Document Type Definition
      DVD Digital Versatile Disc
      E Electronic
      EAROM Electrically Alterable Read Only Memory
      EBCDIC Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
      EDC Electronic Digital Computer
      EDCDIC Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
      EEPROM Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
      EFS Encrypted File System
      EJB Enterprise Java Beans
      ENIAC Electronics Numerical Integrator And Calculator
      EPROM Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
      EROM Erasable Read Only Memory
      ERP Enterprise Resource Planning
      EULA End User License Agreement
      FAT File Allocation Table
      FDD Floppy Disk Drive
      FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface
      FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
      FIFO First In First Out
      FLOPS Floating Point Operations Per Second
      FO Fiber Optics
      FORTRAN Formula Translation
      FPS Frames Per Second
      FRAM Ferro Electric Random Access Memory
      FTP File Transfer Protocol
      GB Giga Bytes
      GIF Graphic Interchange Format
      GIGO Garbage In Garbage Out
      GML General Markup Language
      GNU Gnu`s Not Unix
      GPL General Public License
      GUI Graphical User Interface
      HDD Hard Disk Drive
      HFS Hierarchical File System
      HP Hewlett Packard
      HPC High Performance Computing
      HPFS High Performance File System
      HSR Horizontal Scan Rate
      HTML Hyper Text Markup Language
      HTTP Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
      HW Hardware 
      IO Input Output
      IBM International Business Machines
      IC Integrated Circuit
      ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol
      ICS Reduce Instruction Set Computer
      ICT Information And Communication Technology
      IDE Integrated Development Environment
      IE Internet Explorer
      IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol
      IIS Internet Information Service
      IL Intermediate Language
      IOP Input-Output Processor
      IP Internet Protocol
      IPX Internetworked Packet Exchange
      IRAM Integration Ram
      IRC Internet Relay Chat
      IRDA Infrared Data Association
      IRQ Interrupt Request
      ISAPI Internet Server Application Program Interface
      ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
      ISO International Standard Organization
      ISP Internet Service Provider
      ISR Interrupt Service Routine
      IT Information Technology
      ITPL Information Technology Park Limited (India)
      JCL Job Control Language
      JDBC Java Data Base Connectivity
      JHTML Java Within Hyper Text Markup Language
      JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group
      JSP  Java Server Pages
      KB Kilo Bytes
      KBPS Kilo Bytes Per Second
      L2TP Layer Two Tunneling Protocol
      LAN Local Area Network
      LCD Liquid Crystal Display
      LDAP Light Weight Directory Access Control
      LIFO Last In First Out
      LIPS Logical Interfaces Per Second
      LOC Lines Of Code
      LSI Large Scale Integration
      LSP Layered Service Provider
      MAC Media Access Control
      MAN Metropolitan Area Network
      MAU Multi-Station Access Unit
      MB Mega Bytes
      MBONE Multicast Backbone
      MBPS Mega Bytes Per Second
      MBR Master Boot Record
      MCP Microsoft Certified Professional
      MCS Multicast Server
      MCSA  Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator
      MCSD Microsoft Certified Solution Developer 
      MCSE Microsoft Certified System Engineer
      MDE Microsoft Access Database
      MDI Multiple Document Interface
      MDS Microcomputer Development System
      MFC Microsoft Foundation Classes
      MFT Master File Table
      MG Mega Bytes
      MICR Magnetic-Ink Characters Recognition
      MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface
      MIMD Multiple Instruction Multiple Data
      MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
      MIPS Millions Of Instructions Per Second
      MISD Multiple Instruction Single Data
      MODEM Modulator And Demodulator
      MP3 Motion Pictures Experts Group Layer 3
      MPEG Motion Pictures Experts Group
      MS Microsoft
      MSDN Microsoft Developer Network
      MSIIS Microsoft Internet Information Server
      MSIL Microsoft Intermediate Language
      MSMQ Microsoft Message Queue
      MSN Microsoft Network
      MSRAP Microsoft Remote Administration Protocol
      MSRPC Microsoft Remote Procedure Call
      MTS Microsoft Transaction Server
      MTU Maximum Transmission Unit
      MUDS Multi-User Dungeons
      NAS Network Attached Storage
      NASSCOM National Association Of Software & Service Companies
      NCP Network Control Protocol
      NDIS Network Driver Interface Specification
      NDRO Nondestructive Read Out
      NETBEUI Netbios Enhanced User Interface
      NIC National Informatics Centre, 
      NIIT National Institute Of Information Technology
      NNTP Network News Transfer Protocol
      NOW Network Of Workstations
      NSFNET National Science Foundation Network
      NT (WINDOWS) New Technology
      NTFS New Technology File System
      NTP Network Time Protocol
      OCP  Oracle Certified Professional
      OCR Optical Character Readers
      ODBC Open Data Base Connectivity
      OLE Object Linking And Embedding
      OMR Optical Mark Reader
      ONE Open Network Architecture
      OOA Object Orient Analysis
      OOAD Object Oriented Analysis And Design
      OOP Object Oriented Programming
      OOPS Object Oriented Programming System
      OPEN GL Open Graphics Library
      OS Operating System
      OSI Open System Interconnection
      PC Personal Computer
      PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect
      PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
      PDA Personal Digital Assistant
      PDF Portable Document Format
      PDL Page Description Language
      PDU Protocol Data Unit
      PHP Php Hypertext Processor
      PIC Programming Interrupt Control
      PILOT Programmed Inquiry Learning Or Teaching
      PLA Programmable Logic Array
      PLC Programmable Logic Controller
      PNG Portable Network Graphics
      PNP Plug And Play
      POP Post Office Protocol
      POST Power On Self Test
      PPP Peer To Peer Protocol
      PPTP Point To Point Tunneling Protocol
      PROM Programmable Read Only Memory
      PS Post Script
      PSI Performance Systems International
      PSN Processor Serial Number
      PSW Program Status Word
      QOS Quality Of Service
      R DAT Rotating Digital Audio Tape
      RADSL Rate-Adaptive Digital Subscribes Line
      RAID Redundant Array Of Independent Disks
      RAM Random Access Memory
      RAMDAC Random Access Memory Digital To Analog Converter
      RAS Remote Access Network
      RD RAM Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
      RDBMS Relational Data Base Management System
      RDO Remote Data Objects
      RDP Remote Desktop Protocol
      RFC Request For Comments
      RGB Red Green Blue
      RICS Reduced Instruction Set Computer
      RIP Raster Image Processor
      RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computer
      ROM Read Only Memory
      RPC Remote Procedure Call
      RTC Real Time Clock
      RTF Rich Text Format
      RTOS Real Time Operating System
      S DAT Stationary Digital Audio Tape
      SACK Selective Acknowledgements
      SAM Security Access Manager
      SAP Service Access Point, Systems Applications Products
      SCMP Software Configuration Management Plan
      SCSI Small Computers Systems Interface
      SD RAM Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
      SDD Software Design Description
      SDK Software Development Kit
      SDL Storage Definition Language
      SDN Integrated Service Digital Network
      SDRAM Static Dynamic Random Access Memory
      SDSL Symmetric Digital Subscribes Line
      SG RAM Synchronous Graphics Random Access Memory
      SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language
      SIM Subscriber Identification Module
      SIMD Single Instruction Multiple Data
      SISD Single Instruction Single Data
      SIU Serial Interface Unit
      SMP Symmetric Multi-Process
      SMS Short Message Service
      SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
      SNA System Network Architecture
      SNAP Sub Network Access Protocol
      SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
      SNOBOL String Oriented Symbolic Language
      SOAP Simple Object Access Protocol
      SPX Sequenced Packet Exchange
      SQA Statistical Quality Assurance
      SQL Structured Query Language
      SRAM Static Random Access Memory
      SRS Software Requirements Specification
      STP Shielded Twisted Pair
      SVVP Software Verification And Validation Plan
      SW Software
      TAPI Telephony Application Program Interface
      TB Tera Bytes
      TCP Transmission Control Protocol
      TCP-IP Transmission Control Protocol - Internet Protocol
      TDI Transport Data Interface
      TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
      TPM Transactions Processing Monitor
      TSR Terminate And Stay Residents
      UDD User Datagram Protocol
      UDP User Datagram Protocol
      UI User Interface
      UML Unified Modelling Language
      UNC Universal Naming Convention
      UNIX Uniplexed Information And Computer Systems
      URL Uniform Resource Locator
      USB Universal Serial Bus
      USRT Universal Synchronous Receiver Transmitted
      UTP Unshielded Twisted Pair
      VAN Virtual Area Network
      VAST Very Small Aperture Terminal
      VB Visual Basic
      VC++ Visual C++
      VCD Video Compact Disc
      VDL View Definition Language
      VGA Video Graphics Array
      VHS Video Home System
      VLIW Very Long Instruction Words
      VLSI Very Large Scale Integrated Circuits
      VPN Virtual Private Network
      VRAM Video Random Access Memory
      VRML Virtual Reality Modelling Language
      VS Visual Studio
      VSNL Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited
      VVR Software Validation And Validation Report
      VXD Virtual Device Driver
      W3C World Wide Web Consortium
      WAIS Wide Area Information Servers
      WAN Wide Area Network
      WAP Wireless Application Protocol
      WBEM Web-Base Enterprise Management
      WDM Wave Division Multiplexing
      WHQL Windows Hardware Quality Lab
      WINDOWS ME Windows Millennium Edition
      WINDOWS NT Windows New Technology
      WINDOWS XP Windows Experienced
      WINS Windows Internet Name Service
      WMI Windows Management Instrumentation
      WML Wireless Markup Language
      WORM Write Once Read Many
      WSH Windows Script Host
      WWW World Wide Web
      WYSIWYG What You See Is What You Get
      XHTML Extensible Hyper Text Markup Language
      XML Extensible Markup Language
      XSL Extensible Style Sheet Langauge
      Y2K Year 2000
      ZIF Zero Insertion Force
           


    A.) B.)
    C.) D.)
    Answer: Option ''







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