Computer Memory - IBPS Clerk & PO Questions and Answers | Basic Computer Knowledge

1.

Which of the following is normally used to initialize a computer system's hardware?

   A.) Bootstrap memory
   B.) Volatile memory
   C.) Static memory
   D.) External mass memory

Answer: Option 'A'

Bootstrap memory

2.

On a CD-ROM, ________ are raised areas representing a 1.

   A.) mounds
   B.) lands
   C.) holes
   D.) pits

Answer: Option 'B'

lands

3.

A major disadvantage of the mask ROM is that it:

   A.) is time consuming to change the stored data when system requirements change
   B.) cannot be reprogrammed if stored data needs to be changed
   C.) is very expensive to change the stored data when system requirements change
   D.) has an extremely short life expectancy and requires frequent replacement

Answer: Option 'B'

cannot be reprogrammed if stored data needs to be changed

4.

Which of the following is not a flash memory mode or operation?

   A.) Erase
   B.) Burst
   C.) Read
   D.) Programming

Answer: Option 'B'

Burst

5.

What does the term "random access" mean in terms of memory?

   A.) Addresses must be accessed in a specific order.
   B.) Any address can be accessed in any order.
   C.) Both A & B
   D.) Any address is stored for a permanent basis

Answer: Option 'B'

Any address can be accessed in any order.

6.

The term “memory” applies to which one of the following?

   A.) Logic
   B.) Storage
   C.) Control
   D.) Input device

Answer: Option 'B'

Storage

7.

Which contents are lost when the computer turns off?

   A.) Storage
   B.) Memory
   C.) Input
   D.) Output

Answer: Option 'B'

Memory

8.

On a CD-ROM, ________ are recessed areas representing a 0.

   A.) mounds
   B.) lands
   C.) pits
   D.) holes

Answer: Option 'C'

pits

9.

A memo data type of access can hold ______________ characters.

   A.) 33000
   B.) 32000
   C.) 31000
   D.) 34000

Answer: Option 'B'

32000

10.

Which type of ROM has to be custom built by the factory?

   A.) ROM
   B.) EPROM
   C.) mask ROM
   D.) EEPROM

Answer: Option 'C'

mask ROM

11.

_______________ is a form of permanent memory that holds all the instructions the computer needs to start up and does not get erased when the power is turned off.

   A.) The Network Interface Card (NIC)
   B.) RAM
   C.) ROM
   D.) The CUP

Answer: Option 'C'

ROM

12.

The location of a unit of data in a memory array is called its ________.

   A.) storage
   B.) address
   C.) RAM
   D.) data

Answer: Option 'B'

address

13.

Which of the following is an example of non-volatile memory?

   A.) ROM
   B.) LSI
   C.) VLSI
   D.) RAM

Answer: Option 'A'

ROM

14.

The periodic recharging of DRAM memory cells is called ________.

   A.) refreshing
   B.) multiplexing
   C.) bootstrapping
   D.) flashing

Answer: Option 'A'

refreshing

15.

The word 'computer' usually refers to the central processor unit plus

   A.) external memory
   B.) internal memory
   C.) input devices
   D.) output devices

Answer: Option 'B'

internal memory

16.

Which of the following memories uses a MOS capacitor as its memory cell?

   A.) SRAM
   B.) DRAM
   C.) FIFO
   D.) ROM

Answer: Option 'B'

DRAM

17.

What is the difference between static RAM and dynamic RAM?

   A.) Static RAM must be refreshed, dynamic RAM does not.
   B.) Dynamic RAM must be refreshed, static RAM does not.
   C.) There is no difference.
   D.) Both a & b

Answer: Option 'B'

Dynamic RAM must be refreshed, static RAM does not.

18.

The following computer's memory is characterised by low-cost per bit stored _____________

   A.) Primary
   B.) Secondary
   C.) Hard Disk
   D.) All of these

Answer: Option 'B'

Secondary

19.

Which type of ROM can be erased by an electrical signal?

   A.) ROM
   B.) EPROM
   C.) mask ROM
   D.) EEPROM

Answer: Option 'D'

EEPROM

20.

Advantage(s) of an EEPROM over an EPROM is/are:

   A.) the EEPROM has the ability to erase and reprogram individual words
   B.) the EPROM can be erased with ultraviolet light in much less time than an EEPROM
   C.) the EEPROM can be erased and reprogrammed without removal from the circuit
   D.) the EEPROM can be erased and reprogrammed without removal from the circuit, and can erase and reprogram individual words

Answer: Option 'D'

the EEPROM can be erased and reprogrammed without removal from the circuit, and can erase and reprogram individual words


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