RRB NTPC - Percentage : Aptitude Test

1.

The population of a town increases 10% and 20% respectively in two consecutive years. After the growth the present population of the town is 13200. Then what is the population of the town 2 years ago?

   A.) 10010
   B.) 10001
   C.) 10000
   D.) 10100

Answer: Option 'C'

Formula : 
( After =100 denominator 
Ago = 100 numerator) 
13200 × 100/110 × 100/120 = 10000 

2.

The Shopkeeper increased the price of a product by 25% so that customer finds it difficult to purchase the required amount. But somehow the customer managed to purchase only 70% of the required amount. What is the net difference in the expenditure on that product? 

   A.) 10% more
   B.) 5% more
   C.) 12.5% more
   D.) 17.5% more

Answer: Option 'C'

Quantity X Rate = Price
1 x 1 = 1
0.7 x 1.25 = 0.875
Decrease in price = (0.125/1) × 100 = 12.5%

3.

A mixture of 20 litres of milk and water contains 20% of water. The new mixture is formed by adding 5 lit of water. What is the percentage of milk in the new mixture? 

   A.) 36%
   B.) 20%
   C.) 64%
   D.) 46%

Answer: Option 'C'

(20 li = 4 li water 16 li milk 
-------- 5 li water 
Total = 9 li water 16 li milk (new) 
16/25×100=64%

4.

In an elaction between two candidates, 10% of votes are were declares invalid. First candidate got 1800 votes which were 60% of the total valid votes . The total number of votes enrolled in that election was: 

   A.) 3000 votes
   B.) 5400 votes
   C.) 10000 votes
   D.) 12000 votes

Answer: Option 'C'

100 % - 10 % = 90 % 
54%-36%=18% 
18% ------> 1800 ( 18 × 100 = 1800) 
100% -------> 10000 votes (100 × 100 = 10000)

5.

In a cricket match, Dravid scored a century with 13 boundaries and 3 sixes. What percentage of his runs did he make by running between the wickets?

   A.) 40%
   B.) 50%
   C.) 60%
   D.) 30%

Answer: Option 'D'

Runs scored in boundaries and sixes = (13 × 4) + (3 × 6) = 52 + 18 = 70 Runs
Scored between the wickets = 100 -70 = 30
30% of the runs are scored by running between the wickets.

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