- FORMULAS:

1. SP > CP --> Profit

2. SP < CP ---> Loss

3. MRP - P ---> SP

4. Profit and Loss is always depended on Cost price only

1.

A table is bought for Rs.400/- and sold at Rs.500/- find gain or loss percentage

2.

A chair is bought for Rs.900/- and sold at Rs.810/- find the loss percentage

3.

A bat is bought for Rs.400 and sold at a gain of 20% find its selling price

4.

A chair is bought for Rs.600/- and sold at a loss of 10% find its selling price

5.

By selling a watch for Rs.640/-, a man loses 20% what is that watch cost price

6.

Harkamal purchased 8kg of grapes at the rate of 70 per kg and 9 kg of mangoes at the rate of 55 per kg. How much amount did he pay to the shopkeeper?

7.

Suresh started a business, investing Rs.18000. After 3 months and 4 months respectively, Rohan and Sudhir joined him with capitals of 12000 and 9000. At the end of the year the total profit was Rs.3982. What is the difference between Rohan’s and Sudhir’s share in the profit?

8.

Narendra started a business, investing 30000. Six months later, Chandan joined him with 15000. If they make a profit of 10000 at the end of the year, what should be the share of Narendra?

9.

By selling a book for 270, 20% profit was earned. What is the cost price of the book?

10.

A shopkeeper sold some articles @ 35 per article and earned a profit of 40%. At what price each article should have been sold so that 60% profit was earned?

11.

By selling a bat for Rs.720/- a man loses 10% what is that bat cost price

12.

By selling a watch for Rs.720/- a man loses 10% at what price should he sell it to gain 10%?

13.

A man sells an article at 10% gain. Had be sold at for Rs.60/- more he could have gained 20% what is cost price of article

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**First selling price = 110 % -----> X Rupees
=sold at for Rs.60/- = 120 % -----> X + 60 Rupees
**

~ ---------------------------------------------- 10 % --------> 60 100 % ------->Rs.600/-

Short cut method :

---------------------------

Profit,Profit = -

Ptofit,Loss = +

Loss,Loss = -

Loss,Profit = +

---------------------------

OPPOSITE ==> +

SAME ===> -

----------------------------

Profit ==> 10 %

profit ==> 20%

~ ---------------- 10 % ---------> 60 100 % --------> Rs.600/-

14.

A man sells an article at 5% loss. Had he sold it for Rs.60 more he could have gained 10%. What is the cost price of the article?

15.

A man sells an article at 7% loss. Had he sold it for Rs.72 more he could have gained 5%. what is the cost price of the article

16.

The price of two tables and three chairs is Rs.5600. What will be the price of six tables and nine chairs?

17.

Amit purchased a book with a 10% discount on the labeled price. How much did he pay if the labelled price was 600?

18.

Kaavya sold an item for 4080 and incurred a loss of 20%. At what price should she have sold the item to have gained a profit of 20%?

19.

The owner of an electronic store charges his customer 9% more than the cost price. If a customer paid 1,26440 for an LED T.V., then what was the original price of the T.V.?

20.

The profit earned by selling on article for 900 is double the loss incurred when the same article is sold for 450. At what price should the article be sold to make 25% profit?

21.

If the selling price of 10 articles is same as the cost price of 12 articles. Find the gain or loss percentage?

22.

If the cost price of 20 articles is same as the selling price of 25 articles. Find the gain or loss percentage?

23.

Balls are bought at 11 for Rs.10/- and sold at 10 for Rs.11/-. Find the gain or loss percentage?

24.

Balls are bought at 9 for Rs.10/- and sold at 10 for Rs.9/-. Find the gain or loss percentage?

25.

Bananas are bought at 4 for Rs.5/- and sold at 5 for Rs.4/-. Find the gain or loss percentage?

26.

A shopkeeper bought an article for Rs.319.60. Approximately at what price should he sell the article to make 25 per cent profit?

27.

The profit earned by selling an article for 752 is 1.2 times the loss incurred when the same article is sold for 400. What is the cost price of the article?

28.

Shelly could get equal number of 25 per piece, 40 per piece and 65 per piece bangles. She spent a total of 1560 for all the bangles. How many of each type did she buy?

29.

A television is brought for 13600 and sold at 15980. What is the gain per cent?

30.

A person sold 3/5 of a consignment at a profit of 35% and the rest at a loss of 25%. If there was an overall profit of 715, what is the actual cost of the consignment?

31.

A dealer sells his goods at cost price 800gm weight for 1 kg his gain or loss percentage is

32.

A dealer sells his goods at cost price 900gm weight for 1kg his gain percentage is

33.

A dealer sells his goods 10% less at cost price uses 750gm weight for 1kg his gain or loss percentage is

34.

A single discount equivalent to successive discount of 30%, 20% is

35.

A single discount equivalent to successive discount of 20%, 10% is

36.

By selling an article for 480 a person lost 20%. For what should he sell it to make a profit of 20%?

37.

The profit earned after selling an article for 350 is the same as half of the loss incurred after selling the article for 260. What is the cost price of the article?

38.

Ram sold an article for 3480 and earned a profit of 16%. At what price should it have been sold so as to earn a profit of 32.5%?

39.

A man leaves Rs.8600 to be divided among 5 sons, 4 daughters and 2 nephews. If each daughter receives four times as much as each nephew and each son receives five times as much as each nephew, how much does each daughter receive?

**Answer: Option 'C'**

**5 sons + 4 daughters + 2 nephews = 8600.
One daughter = 4 nephews and one son = 5 nephews
Then 4 daughters = 16 nephews and 5 sons = 25 nephews
So, it becomes, 25 nephews + 16 nephews + 2nephews = 8600 ; i.e. 43 nephews =8600
:. One nephew = 8600/43 = 200 :. Each daughter gets 4 × 200 = 800**

40.

The selling price of 5 articles is the same as the cost price of 3 articles. The gain or loss is

41.

A trader lists his articles at 20% above cost price and allows a discount of 10% on cash payment. Find his gain percentage

42.

The actual price of an article was Rs. 5000/- the successive discount on 10% and 20% then Finds the selling price

43.

The marked price of an article is 10% more than the cost price and a discount of 10% is given on the market price Rs.1400/-. In this kind of sales the seller:

44.

A man bought articles 3 for 1 rupee how many articles sells for 1 rupees gained 50%

45.

A man bought articles 5 for 1 rupee how many articles sells for 1 rupee he gained 25%

46.

A, B and C are partners of a company. During a particular year A received one-third of the profit, B received one-fourth of the profit and C received the remaining Rs.5000. How much did A receive?

47.

A book-seller bought 200 textbooks for 12000. He wanted to sell them at a profit so that he got 20 books free. At what profit per cent should he sell them?

48.

A shopkeeper marks his sarees at 20% above the cost price and allows the purchaser a discount of 10% for cash buying. What profit per cent does he make?

49.

A gold bracelet is sold for 14500 at a loss of 20%. What is the cost price of the gold bracelet?

50.

Sonika spent Rs. 45760 on the interior decoration for her home, Rs.27896 on buying Air conditioner and the remaining 28% of the total amount she had as cash with her. What was the total amount?

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