Computer Fundamentals Section | Basic Computer Knowledge

46.

Computers are extremely fast and have fantastic memories. However, the only thing they can remember is

   A.) Instruction
   B.) Series of 1s and 0s
   C.) Boolean algebra
   D.) Logic theorems

Answer: Option 'B'

​Series of 1s and 0s

47.

The arranging of data in a logical sequence is called:

   A.) sorting
   B.) classifying
   C.) reproducing
   D.) summarizing

Answer: Option 'A'

sorting

48.

Which part interprets program instructions and initiate control operations.

   A.) Input
   B.) Storage unit
   C.) Logic unit
   D.) Control unit

Answer: Option 'D'

Control unit

49.

An input device which can read characters directly from an ordinary piece of paper is

   A.) OCR
   B.) OMR
   C.) MSI
   D.) POS

Answer: Option 'A'

​OCR

50.

The two kinds of main Memory are:

   A.) Primary and secondary
   B.) Random and sequential
   C.) ROM and RAM
   D.) All of the above

Answer: Option 'C'

​ROM and RAM

51.

The section of the CPU that selects, interprets and sees to the execution of program instructions

   A.) Memory
   B.) Register unit
   C.) Control unit
   D.) ALU

Answer: Option 'C'

​Control unit

52.

The personnel who deals with the computer & its management put together are called

   A.) Software
   B.) Humanware
   C.) Hardware
   D.) Firmware

Answer: Option 'B'

​Humanware

53.

The first computer which provides storage is

   A.) EDBAC
   B.) EDSAC
   C.) MARK-I
   D.) ACE

Answer: Option 'B'

EDSAC

54.

The binary system uses powers of

   A.) 2
   B.) 12
   C.) 10
   D.) 8

Answer: Option 'A'

2

55.

Compilers and interpreters are themselves

   A.) High-level language
   B.) Codes
   C.) Programs
   D.) Mnemonics

Answer: Option 'C'

​Programs

56.

Which of the following are used to quickly accept, store, and transfer data and instructions that are being used immediately by the CPU?

   A.) microprocessors
   B.) registers
   C.) ROM chips
   D.) data buses

Answer: Option 'B'

registers

57.

Which of the following is known as father of computer?

   A.) Napier
   B.) Dennis Ritchie
   C.) Charles Babbage
   D.) Alan Turing

Answer: Option 'C'

Charles Babbage

58.

Which of the following is the user programmed semiconductor memory?

   A.) SRAM
   B.) DRAM
   C.) EPROM
   D.) All of the above

Answer: Option 'C'

​EPROM

59.

A directly accessible appointment calendar is a feature of a _____ resident package.

   A.) CPU
   B.) Memory
   C.) Buffer
   D.) ALU

Answer: Option 'B'

Memory

60.

Which of the following is not used for storage purposes with main frame computers?

   A.) removable disks
   B.) fixed disks
   C.) mass storage systems
   D.) diskettes

Answer: Option 'D'

diskettes

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