Computer Fundamentals Section | Basic Computer Knowledge

61.

A _______ is a large and expensive computer capable of performing scientific and business applications

   A.) supercomputer
   B.) mainframe computer
   C.) minicomputer
   D.) handheld computer

Answer: Option 'A'

supercomputer

62.

Pascaline is also known by

   A.) abacus
   B.) adding machine
   C.) division machine
   D.) difference machine

Answer: Option 'B'

adding machine

63.

Which of the following is known ad father of modern computer?

   A.) Dennis Ritchie
   B.) Napier
   C.) Charles Babbage
   D.) Alan Turing

Answer: Option 'D'

Alan Turing

64.

A typical modern computer uses

   A.) LSI chips
   B.) vacuum tubes
   C.) valves
   D.) Both 1 and 2

Answer: Option 'A'

Alan Turing

65.

Which of the following languages is more suited to a structured program?

   A.) PL/1
   B.) FORTRAN
   C.) BASIC
   D.) PASCAL

Answer: Option 'D'

PASCAL

66.

A computer assisted method for the recording and analyzing of existing or hypothetical systems is

   A.) Data transmission
   B.) Data flow
   C.) Data capture
   D.) Data processing

Answer: Option 'B'

​Data flow

67.

The brain of any computer system is

   A.) ALU
   B.) Memory
   C.) CPU
   D.) Control unit

Answer: Option 'C'

​CPU

68.

What difference does the 5th generation computer have from other generation computers?

   A.) Technological advancement
   B.) Scientific code
   C.) Object Oriented Programming
   D.) All of the above

Answer: Option 'A'

Technological advancement

69.

Which of the following computer language is used for artificial intelligence?

   A.) FORTRAN
   B.) PROLOG
   C.) C
   D.) COBOL

Answer: Option 'B'

PROLOG

70.

The tracks on a disk which can be accessed without repositioning the R/W heads is

   A.) Surface
   B.) Cylinder
   C.) Cluster
   D.) All of the above

Answer: Option 'B'

​Cylinder

71.

Which of the following is the 1's complement of 10?

   A.) 01
   B.) 110
   C.) 11
   D.) 10

Answer: Option 'A'

01

72.

A section of code to which control is transferred when a processor is interrupted is known as

   A.) M
   B.) SVC
   C.) IP
   D.) MDR

Answer: Option 'A'

M

73.

Which part interprets program instructions and initiate control operations.

   A.) Input
   B.) Storage unit
   C.) Logic unit
   D.) Control unit

Answer: Option 'D'

Control unit

74.

The binary system uses powers of

   A.) 2
   B.) 12
   C.) 10
   D.) 8

Answer: Option 'A'

2

75.

A computer program that converts assembly language to machine language is

   A.) Compiler
   B.) Interpreter
   C.) Assembler
   D.) Comparator

Answer: Option 'C'

​Assembler

76.

The time required for the fetching and execution of one simple machine instruction is

   A.) Delay time
   B.) CPU cycle
   C.) Real time
   D.) Seek time

Answer: Option 'B'

​CPU cycle

77.

The time for which a piece of equipment operates is called

   A.) Seek time
   B.) Effective time
   C.) Access time
   D.) Real time

Answer: Option 'B'

Effective time

78.

Binary numbers need more places for counting because

   A.) They are always big numbers
   B.) Any no. of 0's can be added in front of them
   C.) Binary base is small
   D.) 0's and l's have to be properly spaced apart

Answer: Option 'C'

​Binary base is small

79.

Which access method is used for obtaining a record from a cassette tape?

   A.) Direct
   B.) Sequential
   C.) Random
   D.) All of the above

Answer: Option 'B'

Sequential

80.

Any type of storage that is used for holding information between steps in its processing is

   A.) CPU
   B.) Primary storage
   C.) Intermediate storage
   D.) Internal storage

Answer: Option 'C'

​Intermediate storage


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