- 126. An item costing Rs.840 was sold by a shopkeeper at a gain of 10% and it was again sold by the new buyer at a loss of 5%. Final selling price of the item is

**Answer: Option 'A'**

**First selling price = Rs.840 + 84 = Rs.924
Second selling price = Rs.924 – 5% of 924 = 924 – 46.2 = Rs.877.80**

- 127. A man bought a second-hand typewriter for Rs.1200 and spent Rs.200 on its repairs. He sold it for Rs.1680. His profit per cent is

**Answer: Option 'A'**

**The CP of the typewriter = Rs. 1200 + 200 = Rs.1400
Its SP = Rs.1680; and the profit = 1680 – 1400 = Rs.280
So, profit percent = 280 × 100/1400 = 20%.**

- 128. An article is sold at a profit of 20%. If it had been sold at a profit of 25%, it would have fetched Rs.35 more. The cost price of the article is

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**The difference in percentage i.e. 25% - 20% =5% = Rs.35
i.e. 5% of the cost price = Rs.35; :. CP = 35 × 100/5 = Rs.700.**

- 129. Some articles were bought at 6 for Rs.5 and sold at 5 for Rs.6. Gain is

**Answer: Option 'D'**

**The cost price of 1 article = Rs.5/6
The selling price of 1 article = Rs.6/5
Profit = 6/5 – 5/6 = 11/30 and
profit percent = 11/30 ÷ 5/6 × 100 = 11/30 × 6/5 ×100 = 11/25 × 100
= 44%. Gain.**

- 130. A trader marked the price of his commodity so as to include a profit of 25%. He allowed discount of 16% on the marked price. His actual profit was

**Answer: Option 'A'**

**Let the cost price of his commodity = Rs.100
Then the marked price = Rs.125
And the selling price = Rs.125 – 16% of 125 = Rs.125 -20 =Rs.105.
Thus, his actual profit =Rs.5 and gain percent =5%**

- 131. By giving a discount of 10% on the marked price of Rs.1100 of a cycle, a dealer gains 10%. The cost price of the cycle is

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**The selling price = Rs.1100 – 10% of 1100 = 1100 – 110 = Rs.990
Rs. 990 is 110% of the cost price, So, the CP = 990 × 100/110 = Rs.900.**

- 132. A trader marks his goods at 20% above the cost price. If he allows a discount of 5% on the marked price, what profit percent does he make?

**Answer: Option 'A'**

**Let the cost price of the good = Rs.100
Then, the marked price = Rs.120
Selling price = Rs.120 – 5% of 120 = 120 – 6 = Rs.114
So, his profit percent = 14%**

- 133. A discount of 14% on the marked price of an article is allowed and then the article is sold for Rs.387. The marked price of the article is

**Answer: Option 'A'**

**The selling price is 86% of the marked price and is = Rs.387.
So, The marked price = 387 × 100/86 = Rs.450.**

- 134. A man sells two tables at the same price. On one he makes a profit of 10% and on the other he suffers a loss of 10%. His loss percent on the whole transaction is

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**Note: If there is an increase and decrease same percent, say,”a%” then there is always a loss of a²/100.
Therefore, in this problem, a = 10, and therefore, loss percent = 10²/100
= 1% loss.**

- 135. If the cost price of 50 oranges is equal to the selling price of 40 oranges, then the profit per cent is

**Answer: Option 'D'**

**Because the cost price of 50 oranges = Selling price of 40 oranges
The profit is 10 oranges out of 40 oranges;
therefore, the profit percent = 10 × 100/40 = 25%.**

- 136. 7000 bricks were purchased for Rs.5740. The cost of transportation of these bricks to construction sight was Rs.805. What was the overall cost per thousand bricks?

**Answer: Option 'A'**

**The total cost of 7000 bricks including transportation
= Rs.5740 + Rs.805 = Rs.6545
Overall cost per 1000 bricks = 6545/7 = Rs.935.**

- 137. Chamanlal purchased 20 dozen note books @ Rs.48 per dozen. He sold 8 dozen at 10% profit and the remaining12 dozens with 20% profit. What is the profit percentage in this transaction?

**Answer: Option 'C'**

**Total cost price = 20 × 48 = Rs.960/-
Amount of first selling = 8 × Rs.52.80 = Rs.422.40
Amount of second selling = 12 × Rs.57.60 = Rs.691.20
Total selling price = 422.40 + 691.20 = Rs.1113.60
Profit = 1113.60 – 960 = Rs.153.60
Therefore profit per cent in this transaction = 153.60 × 100/960 = 16%.**

- 138. A ball pen factory decided to reduce its production by 10% over that of previous month for next 3 months starting from February 1999. In January 1999, it produced 3000 ball pens. How many ball pens were produced in March1999?

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**The no. of ball pens produced in January 1999 = 3000 given,
“ February 1999 = 3000 – 300 = 2700
“ March 1999 = 2700 – 270 = 2430.**

- 139. A customer purchased an office bag with a price tag of Rs.600 in a sale where 25% discount was being offered on the tag price. The customer was given a further discount of 10% on the amount arrived at after giving usual 25% discount. What was the final amount paid by the customer?

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**After 25% usual discount the price = Rs. 600 – 150 = Rs.450
After 10% further discount it will be = 450- 45 = Rs. 405.**

- 140. A fruit seller buys lemons at 2 for a rupee and sells them at 5 for three rupees. His gain per cent is

**Answer: Option 'A'**

**Let the cost price of his commodity = Rs.100
Then the marked price = Rs.125
And the selling price = Rs.125 – 16% of 125 = Rs.125 -20 = Rs.105.
Thus, his actual profit =Rs.5 and gain percent = 5%**

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