41.

Amit purchased a book with a 10% discount on the labeled price. How much did he pay if the labelled price was 600?

**Answer: Option 'C'**

**Selling Price = 600 – 10% of 600 = 600 – 60 = 540.**

42.

A discount of 14% on the marked price of an article is allowed and then the article is sold for Rs.387. The marked price of the article is

**Answer: Option 'A'**

**The selling price is 86% of the marked price and is = Rs.387.
So, The marked price = 387 × 100/86 = Rs.450.**

43.

A shopkeeper increases the original selling price of an item to its twice. The initial gain per cent is given as 8%. Find out the new gain per cent

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**Let the Cost price = Rs.100
The initial gain per cent = 8%
So, original SP = 108
Twice the SP = 216
Then, the gain = 216 – 100 = 116 i.e. gain per cent = 116%.**

44.

A book-seller bought 200 textbooks for 12000. He wanted to sell them at a profit so that he got 20 books free. At what profit per cent should he sell them?

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**Here, the profit = CP of 20 books out of 180 books and
now the CP of 180 books = 12000.
:. The profit percent = 20 × 100/180 = 11 1/9 %**

45.

The price of two tables and three chairs is Rs.5600. What will be the price of six tables and nine chairs?

**Answer: Option 'A'**

**The cost of two tables + three chairs = 5600.
Multiply each term by 3, we get,
Cost of 6 table + 9 chairs = 16800.**

46.

Sushma bought a microwave oven at a discount of 40% on the listed price. What is her percentage profit if she sells the oven at 5% more than the listed price?

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**Let the Listed price = Rs.100.
Then, her CP = Rs.60; So, her selling price would be = Rs. 105
Then, her profit = Rs.105 – 60 = Rs.45. and
her profit percent = 45 × 100/60 = 75%.**

47.

The cost of manufacture of an article was 900. The trader wants to gain 25% after giving a discount of 10%. The market price should be

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**Let ‘x’ be the marked price of the article
Then, x- 10% of x = 900 + 25% of 900
x- 10x/100 = 900 + 225; » 90x/100 = 1125 ; » x = 112500/90 = 1250**

48.

A certain number of men can do a work in 40days. If there were 8 men more, it could be finished in 10 days less. How many men were there initially?

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**Let ‘x’ be the initial number of men
Then, 1 work done = x × 40
Then, x × 40 = (x + 8 ) (40 – 10)
40x = 30x + 240
10x = 240
Therefore, x = 240/10 = 24 men.**

49.

A’ sells an item to “B” at a profit of 40% and “B” sells it to “C” at a profit of 50%. Find the resultant profit percent.?

**Answer: Option 'C'**

**Let Rs.100 be the CP
A’s SP = Rs.140
B’s SP = Rs.210
Resultant profit = 210 – 100 =110
Resultant profit percent = 110 x 100/100 = 110%**

50.

A customer purchased an office bag with a price tag of Rs.600 in a sale where 25% discount was being offered on the tag price. The customer was given a further discount of 10% on the amount arrived at after giving usual 25% discount. What was the final amount paid by the customer?

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**After 25% usual discount the price = Rs. 600 – 150 = Rs.450
After 10% further discount it will be = 450- 45 = Rs. 405.**

51.

A person sold 3/5 of a consignment at a profit of 35% and the rest at a loss of 25%. If there was an overall profit of 715, what is the actual cost of the consignment?

**Answer: Option 'C'**

**Let the total CP = ‘x’
Then first SP = 3x/5 × 135/100 = 81x/100
And the second SP = 2x/5 × 75/100 = 30x/100
:. Total SP = 81x/100 + 3x/100 = 111x/100.
SP – CP = profit, So, 111x/100 – x = 715
i.e 11x = 71500 and so, x = 71500/11 = 6500**

52.

If the cost of 10 tables and 15 chairs is Rs.20000 what will be the cost of tables and 21 chairs?

**Answer: Option 'C'**

**The cost of 10 tables + 15 chairs = Rs.20000
Multiplying each term by 7/5, we get
Cost of 10 x 7/5 tables + 15 x 7/5 chairs = Rs.20000 x 7/5
= 14 tables + 21 chairs = Rs.28000.**

53.

By selling a table for 350 instead of 400, loss per cent increase by 5%. The cost price of the table is

**Answer: Option 'D'**

**The difference in prices = 400 – 350 = 50, which equal to 5% of the cost,
:. The cost price = 50 × 100/5 = 1000.**

54.

Balls are bought at 9 for Rs.10/- and sold at 10 for Rs.9/-. Find the gain or loss percentage?

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**9 balls -----> Rs.10/-
10 balls ----> Rs.9/-
Note: In every time same in the cost price articles and selling price articles.
10(9 10) ==> 90 100 = Cost price
9(10 9) ==> 90 81 = Selling price
Then, 19/100 × 100 = 19 % Loss **

55.

If the ratio of the cost price and the selling price is 5 : 6, the gain per cent is

**Answer: Option 'A'**

**The profit = 6 – 5 = 1 unit of ratio
So, gain percent = 1 × 100/5 = 20%.**

56.

A dealer sells his goods at cost price 900gm weight for 1kg his gain percentage is

**Answer: Option 'D'**

**Cost price ---> 900
Selling price --->1000
= ( 1000 ~ 900 )/900 × 100 ==> 100/900 × 100 = 11 1/9% gain **

57.

A person sells two fans for 3200. The cost price of the first fan is equal to the selling price of the second fan. If the first is sold at 40% loss and the second at 100% gain, what is total profit or loss?

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**The cost price of 1st
fan and SP of 2nd fan given to be equal, let it be 100.
On 1st fan there is a loss of 40%, So its SP = 60
Gain on 2nd fan is 100%, So, its CP = 50
:. Total cost price of two fans = 100 + 50 = 150
Total SP = 60 + 100 = 160
If total SP =160, then the corresponding cost price = 150
:. When total SP is 3200,
Then the cost price = 150/160 × 3200 = 3000
Profit = 3200 – 3000 = 200.**

58.

Sonika spent Rs. 45760 on the interior decoration for her home, Rs.27896 on buying Air conditioner and the remaining 28% of the total amount she had as cash with her. What was the total amount?

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**The Total expense = 45760 + 27896 = 73656 = 72% of the Total amount.
:. Total amount = 73656 × 100/72 = 102300.**

59.

Balls are bought at 11 for Rs.10/- and sold at 10 for Rs.11/-. Find the gain or loss percentage?

**Answer: Option 'B'**

**11 balls -----> Rs.10/-
10 balls -----> Rs.11/-
Note: Number of articles bought is must equal to number of articles sold.
10(11 10) ==> 110 100 = Cost price
11(10 11) ==> 110 121 = Selling price
Then, 21/100 × 100 = 21 % Profit **

60.

The cost of 3 chairs and 10 tables is Rs.9856. What is the cost of 6 chairs and 20 tables?

**Answer: Option 'D'**

**Cost of 3 chairs + 10 tables = Rs.9856
Multiplying each term by ‘2’, we get
Cost of 6 chairs + 20 tables = Rs.9856 x 2 = Rs.19712/-**

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